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Trinidad and Tobago


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About Trinidad and Tobago

The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a twin-island nation, lying just off the North eastern coast of Venezuela and south of Grenada. Unlike most of the English-speaking Caribbean, the country’s economy is primarily industrial, with an emphasis on petroleum and petrochemicals. The country is also one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean, due to its large reserves of oil and gas.

Trinidad and Tobago is known for its Carnival and is the birthplace of steel pan, limbo, and the music styles of calypso, soca and chutney.

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Local Government Structure

(description courtesy Ministry of Rural Development and Local Government)

The earliest attempt at local government in Trinidad was the Royal Cabildo, the seat of governance in the island, established in St. Joseph in 1592 by Spanish colonists. When Trinidad changed to British rule in 1797, the new authorities under the Ordinance of the Regulation of Municipal Corporation enacted on 19th August 1853 attempted to change the Cabildo into an English-type municipality, by making it first a Town Council, then a Borough Council.

Post Independence, the Local Government System is an amalgamation of City, Borough and Regional Municipal Corporations- 14 in total. Sangre Grande is the largest corporation, comprising of 18% of the total area and 10% of the total population of the country. Tobago in its entirety is managed by the autonomous Tobago House of Assembly.

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Local Government Reform

The local government has gone through a number of reforms over the years. The latest legistation in 1990 has granted Corporate Municipal status to all 14 municipal bodies. There is currently a Draft White Paper on Local Government Reform which seeks to;

  • Avoid service delivery duplication, increase efficiency and effectiveness and prompt delivery as well as broaden service delivery coverage within communities
  • Outline the establishment of new political and management structures
  • Review the existing Local Government spatial boundaries
  • Make recommendations that could create or synergies in operations, administrative coordination and more effective and efficient resource mobilization and deployment among the various bodies
  • Explore the legislative framework and provisions for the modernization, transformation and effective and efficient operation of the Local Government system
  • Discuss the monitoring and evaluation mechanisms for the effective and efficient operation and delivery of the reformed system

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Local Economic Development in Trinidad & Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is committed to local economic development within its local government structure. The Draft White Paper on Local Government Reform and Modernization 2013 specifies its intention to;

“Strengthening technical cooperation and partnership arrangements for promoting local democracy, and governance and local economic development with regional (CARICOM) and international Local Government bodies/agencies.”

This has given rise to the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding with the Federation of Canadian Municipalities of Canada on 4th February, 2013. In 2014, approval was granted by the Ministry for the hiring of Local Economic Development Officers (LEDOs) to work with six locations: The Boroughs of Chaguanas and Point Fortin, and the Regional Corporations of Mayaro/Rio Claro, Princes Town, San Juan / Laventille, and Siparia.

Trinidad and Tobago has taken a further step with the introduction of LED Units in all regional corporations in Trinidad, pending the approval of legislation. CARILED assisted the Ministry of Rural Development and Local Government in its review of the local government systems, and the transition into these new units.

Local economic development in Tobago has largely been informed by The Comprehensive Economic Development Plan (2006-2010) created by the Tobago House of Assembly, and is underpinned by the discovery of natural gas and other petrochemical reserves within its borders.

Since the Memorandum was signed, Trinidad and Tobago has;

- Developed and launched a National Advisory Committee on Local Economic Development with representatives from:

 

Trinidad & Tobago

Trinidad & Tobago Chamber of Commerce & industry (TTCIC)
National Entrepreneurship Development Company Ltd. (NEDCO)
Ministry of Rural Development and Local Government
Ministry of Planning & Sustainable Development
Tobago House of Assembly (THA)
National Agricultural Marketing and Development Corpoation (NAMDEVCO)
Trinidad & Tobago Manufacturers Association (TTMA)

 

- Partnered with local stakeholders and CARILED to develop and launch Local Economic Development Planning and Advisory Committees (LED-PACs) in several communities.

 

Trinidad & Tobago

Chaguanas

Chaguanas Chamber of Commerce
Local Economic Development Board
Mayor
Deputy Mayor
Ministry of Planning & Sustainable Development
Bishop
Attorney
e-Teck
Town & Country Planning Division
Chaguanas Borough Corporation
Sub-committee members
Farmers’ Association
Teacher
Market Vendors representative
Fishermens representative
Pannist

Point Fortin

Point in Action (Volunteer group)
Point Fortin Chamber fo Commerce
Back ah Yard Cultural group
Point Fortin Council
Point Fortin Borough Corporation
MSME representative

Princes Town

Princes Town Council
NEDCO
SECU Credit Union
Princes Town Rotary Club
Ste. Madeline Community Activists representative
Princes Town Village Council
Moruga Community Activists representative
St. Julien Community Council

Sangre Grande

Sangre Grande Regional Corporation
Ministry of Tourism, Agricultural Society of Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago United Fisherfolk
College of Science, Technology and Applied Arts of Trinidad and Tobago
Forestry Division
Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources
Civilian Conservation Corps
Sangre Grande Chamber of Commerce
Nature Seekers
Freewoman Foundation (NGO)

 

- Held several training programs, workshops and forums to support micro and small enterprises in business development and sector skills.

- Partnered with CARILED to launch and implement local development projects in:

 

MUNICIPALITY, COUNTRY  
San Juan / Laventille Regional Corporation, Trinidad & Tobago

SECTOR
Clean Technology

PROJECT STATUS
CARILED support for this project has ended

PROJECT NAME
Croisee Renaissance Project

DESCRIPTION
A marketing plan was developed for the Project, which is a re-imaging of downtown San Juan that includes a renovated library, a new market and updated transportation points.

MUNICIPALITY, COUNTRY
Point Fortin Borough Corporation, Trinidad & Tobago

SECTOR
Business Development/ Tourism

PROJECT STATUS
CARILED support for this project has ended

PROJECT NAME
Clifton Hill / Guapo Beach Redevelopment Project

DESCRIPTION
The Project will focus on the development of the Clifton Hill/Guapo Beach front area. The development of this area will seek to exploit the economic activity of the adjacent industrial sector while attracting new visitors to the area. The transformation will include conference facilities, retail and food services, a flea market and potentially a hotel in the long term. The Beachfront will supply about 25 jobs in the short term and this number would increase as other phases of the project are completed. CARILED along with the Borough of Point Fortin will complete a Business and Branding Plan for the area.
This project is being executed in tandem with other projects in the Borough including the Renovation of the Oval and Modernization of the city center. CARILED will also train micro and small enterprises seeking to occupy the development area in business best practices.

MUNICIPALITY, COUNTRY
Tobago, Trinidad & Tobago

 

SECTOR
Agro-processing/Agri-Business

PROJECT STATUS

CARILED support for this project has ended

PROJECT NAME
Tobago Agro-Processors Association (TAPA) Multi-Producer Unit

DESCRIPTION
This project will provide the TAPA , a group of twenty MSMEs, with equipment to assist with the processing of sauces, preserves, teas, skin and haircare products, etc. the group will also have access to financing and business development training.The project is being supported by the TAPA, ExporTT, the Tobago House of Assembly (THA via the Business Development Unit (BDU) and CARILED.

MUNICIPALITY, COUNTRY
Princes Town, Trinidad & Tobago

SECTOR

Tourism

PROJECT STATUS
CARILED support for this project has ended

PROJECT NAME
Mission’s Heritage & Eco-Tourism Project

DESCRIPTION
This project will assist the Princes Town Regional Corporation to develop historical sites within Princes Town into environmentally sustainable tourist attractions.This project is being supported by the Princes Town Regional Corporation, the Ministry of Local Government and CARILED.

MUNICIPALITY, COUNTRY
Princes Town, Trinidad & Tobago

SECTOR

Business Development/ Beautification

PROJECT STATUS
CARILED support for this project has ended

PROJECT NAME
Princes Town Business Improvement Area (BIA) Project

DESCRIPTION
This project will involve the beautification of the Princes Town Upper High Street area. This project has been supported by The Princes Town Regional Corporation, with the support of the Local Economic Development Project (CARILED) and The Ministry of Rural and Development and Local Development. The team’s effort have resulted in the installation of Solar lights with a flower arrangement between Persads ‘D’ Food King and Trinkets Limited High Street Princes Town. In the future the team’s goal is to eventually install additional lights along the entire High Street as a Phase two intuitive and eventually have further collaborative efforts.

MUNICIPALITY, COUNTRY
Princes Town, Trinidad & Tobago

SECTOR

Business Development/ Beautification

PROJECT STATUS
CARILED support for this project has ended

PROJECT NAME
Point Fortin Market Revitalization Project

DESCRIPTION
In late 2014 the Point Fortin Borough Corporation embarked on the Point Fortin Market Revitalization Project. This project involves a phased development for the regeneration of economic spaces and also aims at targeting the lack of affordable spaces for SMEs. Thus far 21 booths have been refurbished which enhanced the business area and the conduciveness of the workplace for the business owners. Additionally, there are continuous maintenance and beautification of the market vegetable stalls area. Future plans include; signage, refurbishment of more booths and the mall area, water tanks, pumps and bathrooms. This project has been supported by the Caribbean Local Economic Development Project (CARILED).

MUNICIPALITY, COUNTRY
Chaguanas Borough Corporation

 

SECTOR
Business Development/ Beautification

PROJECT STATUS
CARILED support for this project has ended

PROJECT NAME

Chaguanas Business Improvement Area (BIA) Project

DESCRIPTION

This project will involve the beautification of Ramsaran Street, Chaguans. This project has been supported by The Chaguanas Borough Corporation, with the support of the Caribbean Local Economic Project (CARILED). Currently, the team’s effort have resulted in the purchase of the light poles for the area. In the future the team’s goal is to eventually install such light poles and plants along the entire street.

 

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Country Representatives

Ana-Regina Soochit, LEDO,  Chaguanas

Ernest Tambie, Ag. LEDO, Couva

Jillian Quashie, LEDO,  Point Fortin

Hans Paul,LEDO,  Princes Town

Stacy Ramroop, Ag. LEDO,  Sangre Grande

Mr. Roshan Rambaran, LEDO,  Siparia  

 

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